“I’m going to put myself to sleep now for a bit longer than usual. Call the time eternity.” – a suicide note left by someone before he ended his life.
Why do people have suicidal thoughts? What triggers these kind of thoughts? Some of us are strong enough to face the challenges in life however, there are those who are weak enough to give up on life. Why is this so?
Every struggle may cause suicidal thoughts like depression, financial problems, physical abuse, sexual abuse, mental abuse, unemployment, love life and break-ups, rejection from family and friends, and mental disorder.
Suicidal thoughts is the thought of thinking to kill oneself intentionally which may come into thorough planning or just in an instant thought of it. There are those who leave a suicidal notes for their loved ones and friends to say goodbye, ask for forgiveness of what they have done or say all their hatred, failures, horror, injustice and abomination.
There are two kinds of suicidal thoughts:
- Active suicidal thoughts requires an existing wish to die conducted by a thorough plan for how to execute the death.
- Passive suicidal thoughts is the desire to die, but without a definite plan for pull off the death.
Social media has been a witness to a number of suicides. These people are doing live videos of their suicidal acts until they finally consumed the act of killing themselves. They obsviously have devastating and unbearable emotional pain to commit this horrendous act.
World Health Organization studies and statistics shows that – Close to 800 000 people die due to suicide every year, which is one person every 40 seconds. Many more attempt suicide. Suicide occurs throughout the lifespan and is the second leading cause of death among 15-29 year olds globally.
Suicide is a global phenomenon; in fact, 78% of suicides occurred in low- and middle-income countries in 2015. Suicide accounted for 1.4% of all deaths worldwide, making it the 17th leading cause of death in 2015. Effective and evidence-based interventions can be implemented at population, sub-population and individual levels to prevent suicide and suicide attempts.
There are indications that for each adult who died of suicide there may have been more than 20 others attempting suicide.
As per American Foundation for Suicide Prevention
Suicide Rates by Age
In 2015, the highest suicide rate (19.6) was among adults between 45 and 64 years of age. The second highest rate (19.4) occurred in those 85 years or older. Younger groups have had consistently lower suicide rates than middle-aged and older adults. In 2015, adolescents and young adults aged 15 to 24 had a suicide rate of 12.5.
Additional Facts About Suicide in the US
- The annual age-adjusted suicide rate is 13.26 per 100,000individuals.
- Men die by suicide 3.5x more often than women.
- On average, there are 121 suicides per day.
- White males accounted for 7 of 10 suicides in 2015.
- Firearms account for almost 50% of all suicides.
- The rate of suicide is highest in middle age — white men in particular.
Suicide Rates by Race/Ethnicity
In 2015, the highest U.S. suicide rate (15.1) was among Whites and the second highest rate (12.6) was among American Indians and Alaska Natives (Figure 5). Much lower and roughly similar rates were found among Asians and Pacific Islanders (6.4), and Blacks (5.6).
Note that the CDC records Hispanic origin separately from the primary racial or ethnic groups of White, Black, American Indian or Alaskan Native, and Asian or Pacific Islander, since individuals in all of these groups may also be Hispanic.
In 2015, firearms were the most common method of death by suicide, accounting for a little less than half (49.8%) of all suicide deaths. The next most common methods were suffocation (including hangings) at 26.8% and poisoning at 15.4%.
World Health Organization
American Prevention of Suicide Prevention